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Commentary volume
The Lamentation over the dead Christ, f. 2v
Anne of Brittany at prayer presented by three female saints, f. 3r
The Calendar: May, f. 8r
The Calendar: June, f. 9
The Calendar: August, f. 11r
The Calendar: September, f. 12
Saint Luke presenting Our Lady’s portrait, f. 19v
Saint Matthew writing, f. 21v
The Annunciation, f. 26v
Chicory, f. 31r
Marigold, f. 33r
The Visitation, f. 36v
Hawthorn, f. 39v
Summer pheasant’s-eye, f. 41v
The Crucifixion, f. 47v
The Nativity, f. 51v
The Annunciation to the shepherds, f. 58v
The adoration of the Magi, f. 64v
The flight into Egypt, f. 76v
Thistle, f. 77r
Gourd, f. 81r
f. 85r, Beginning of complines in the little office of the Virgin
Oak, f. 87v
Spindle, f. 107v
Florenceola, f. 127r
Of the Holy Trinity, f. 155v
The archangel Raphael, f. 165v
Of St Cosmas and St Damian, f. 173v
Saint Sebastian, f. 175v
Orange lily, f. 176r
Of the ten thousand martyrs, f. 177v
The vision of Saint Hubert, f. 191v
Saint Ursula and the eleven thousand virgins, f. 199v
Saint Mary Magdalene, f. 201v
Saint Margaret, f. 205v
Judas’s kiss, f. 227v

Great Hours of Anne of Brittany

"Unique and unrepeatable first edition, strictly limited to 987 numbered and authenticated copies"

Bibliothèque nationale de France

The Calendar: September, f. 12
The Calendar: September, f. 12. The constellation of Libra appears in the form of a postrate woman wearing a headdress and gown ...

The constellation of Libra appears in the form of a postrate woman wearing a headdress and gown holding a very detailed, unbalanced pair of scales. In the earthly section the grape harvest activities being carried out in the cella vinaria or wine celler because of the climate, occupy the entire scene. The man on the left uses a quadrangular, wooden funnel to fill a wine barrel. Next to him, is a peasant, dressed down to his thighs – in surprisingly clean clothes, within the idealist iconography of the Great Hours – possibly doing the second round of grape trampling. He is inside a cylindrical wine press which is slightly wider at the top mounted on two wooden supports. Floating inside are black grapes and the contents spill over the rim and, particularly, along a projecting, metal channel at the bottom through which the grape juice flows into a keg. Finally, another man in contemporary dress, carries a qualus, a hamper or deep basket full of recently-picked, black grapes to be thrown into the grape press, for trampling starts at the same time as the grape harvest. The advantage of this task is that neither the seeds nor the stalk are squeezed, thereby avoiding increasing the acidity of the wine, which would spoil its flavour. The landscape glimpsed behind the grape press is calm in comparison with previous scenes.
Like the grape harvest, trampling is almost always set in September. Since Antiquity, these images have had a considerable, iconographic tradition, originally as separate scenes and subsequently together during the Gothic centuries. Hence, the earliest representations of two or more people busy at vine-growing tasks originated in Late Roman times. Trampling grapes in a grape press or calcatorium was often found in ancient images of the months and seasons and persisted in both painting and sculpture in France and Italy. Besides this contribution made by ancient art, it must also be said that Carolingian illustrations became more developed and lavish with the onset in Gothic times of decorative and landscape details, until they came to coexist alongside other scenes typical of the month. The barrel-filling or wine-decanting scene appears in Carolingian miniatures by the school of Salzburg, and became extremely popular in twelfth-and thirteenth-century monumental cycles, following which it appeared in just the occasional painted calendar in the 14th and 15th centuries. Barrels, in the sense of individual objects related to peasant work, were already to be found in Roman steles. They were subsequently incorporated into Roman images, which were enhanced with more or less anecdotic motifs, and finally added to the farming calendar repertory in the Gothic period. Like hay-making, grape harvesting tasks were depicted in most northern menologies since, along with cereal-based products, wine was another mainstay of the peasant diet.


«Unique and unrepeatable first edition,
strictly limited to 987 numbered and authenticated copies»


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