Cardeña Beatus

Cardeña Beatus f. 96v, The angel with third trumpet: the great, burning star


f. 96v, The angel with third trumpet: the great, burning star

And the third angel sounded his trumpet and a great star fell from the sky burning like a lit torch upon one third of the rivers and fountains of water. 11. And the name of this star is "Wormwood" and one third of the waters became wormwood.
This would once again seem to be one of Magius' creation, who must have copied it from an early source - probably the North African Commentary, and the other codices have followed its layout. There is no reason for the corpses in this storia either, but they do appear in the explanatio. The number of corpses, four, has been maintained and even their virtually identical postures. The only codex that differs in this respect is the Arroyo codex (fol. 94v), evidence of a different source. The illustration tends towards the square structure and repeats that of the second trumpet with the variations imposed by the subject. It is divided into four bands of different, plain colours, although the colours are in a different order. The Museo Arqueológico Nacional Beatus is inspired by the Gerona codex - quite similar to that of Tábara (fol. 95v) - although the star has become a flat, gold structure. The rivers have the usual layout: a circular source extending out in the form of increasingly narrow, wavy lines ending in a point. Rylands (fol. 128r) was directly inspired by the Cardeña codex, although the star is more skilfully drawn.

Ángela Franco Mata
Chief of the Medieval Antiquities Department, Museo Arqueológico Nacional
(Fragment of the Cardeña Beatus commentary volume)

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