Vindel Parchment

The Morgan Library & Museum, New York




Shelf mark: MS. M979
Date: Latter half of the 13th century
Size: 452 x 336 mm
Provenance: Galicia, Spain
 
Full-colour companion volume directed by Mariña Arbor, Universidad de Santiago, with contributions by Antonio Calvia, Fondazione Ezio Franceschini; Antonio Ciaralli, Università degli Studi di Perugia; Rip Cohen, John Hopkins University, USA; and Simone Marcenaro, Università degli Studi di Milano.
Foreword by emeritus professor Harvey L. Sharrer.
 
This edition includes a CD in which the soprano Speranza Cerullo sings the Cantigas de Martin Codax just as they were composed. 

“Quasi-original”, unique and unrepeatable first edition strictly limited to 987 numbered copies authenticated by notary public.
Vindel Parchment The Morgan Library & Museum, New York The Morgan Library & Museum, New York

Shelf mark: MS. M979
Date: Latter half of the 13th century
Size: 452 x 336 mm
Provenance: Galicia, Spain
 
Full-colour companion volume directed by Mariña Arbor, Universidad de Santiago, with contributions by Antonio Calvia, Fondazione Ezio Franceschini; Antonio Ciaralli, Università degli Studi di Perugia; Rip Cohen, John Hopkins University, USA; and Simone Marcenaro, Università degli Studi di Milano.
Foreword by emeritus professor Harvey L. Sharrer.
 
This edition includes a CD in which the soprano Speranza Cerullo sings the Cantigas de Martin Codax just as they were composed. 

“Quasi-original”, unique and unrepeatable first edition strictly limited to 987 numbered copies authenticated by notary public.

Pictures
Vindel Parchment
The Morgan Library & Museum, New York




Commentary volume

Vindel Parchment The Morgan Library & Museum, New York


Contents

From the editor to the reader
Manuel Moleiro
 
Foreword
Harvey L. Sharrer 
Professor Emeritus, University of California, Santa Barbara
 
History and Fortunes of the Pergamino Vindel
Mariña Arbor Aldea 
Professor of Romance Philology, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
 
Codicological description
Simone Marcenaro
Researcher in Romance Philology, Università degli Studi di Milano
 
Paleographical Description
Antonio Ciaralli
rofessor of Paleography and Diplomatic, Università degli Studi di Perugia
 
The Music of the Pergamino Vindel
Antonio Calvia
Researcher in Music Philology, Fondazione Ezio Franceschini
 
The Cantigas of Martin Codax - Edited with Commentary and Prolegomena
Rip Cohen 
Visiting Scholar, Johns Hopkins University
 
A note on the transcription
Antonio Ciaralli 
Professor of Paleography and Diplomatic, Università degli Studi di Perugia
 
Bibliography

ISBN: 978-84-16509-17-1





Description

Vindel Parchment The Morgan Library & Museum, New York


The Vindel Parchment, now housed at the Morgan Library & Museum in New York, was discovered quite by chance. In 1914, Pedro Vindel, the librarian and antiquarian from Madrid after whom the parchment is named, discovered it as part of the binding of a manuscript copy of Cicero’s De officiis.

The discovery of this parchment was a landmark in the history of Galician-Portuguese  troubadour poetry. The Vindel Parchment (latter half of the 13th century) not only contains seven cantigas de amigo, a complete work attributed to the Galician composer and performer Martin Codax, but is also the only document to feature the music of six of these cantigas. Hence this parchment is doubly valuable because it features the only cantigas de amigo known to have a musical score.

This parchment contains seven songs sung by a maiden awaiting her absent lover in Ría de Vigo, with a monophonic musical score for six of them.
Cantigas de amigo are the most original genre of medieval Galician lyric poetry. In these short, lively ballads belonging to the European “women’s song” genre, a maiden in love (the amiga) sings – alone or accompanied by her female friends, sisters or mother – about her life, hopes and sorrows, and sometimes about nature too. The waves in the sea near Vigo are highly symbolic in Martin Codax’s ballads, imbuing his lyrics with great eroticism.

Until the discovery of the Vindel Parchment, the only known medieval Galician cantigas with a musical score were the religious Cantigas de Santa María of Alfonso X the Wise. The Sharrer Parchment (late 13th or early 14th C) discovered subsequently, featured seven poems by King Dinis I of Portugal which were secular and yet belonged to the “cantigas de amor” (love ballads) genre.

It is not yet known which scriptorium made the Vindel Parchment although it must have been well equipped and had skilled scribes. Palaeographic evidence and the musical scores, e.g. similarities between the six melodies by Martin Codax and the music of some of the Cantigas de Santa María, suggest that Martin Codax was involved with the Castilian courts of Alfonso X the Wise and Sancho IV.

A loose folio, exquisitely and painstakingly made as a gift or for an exchange between poets. A title stating the name “Martin Codax” can be seen at the end of the top left margin on the parchment.

It was acquired in 1977 by the Morgan Library of New York where it remains to this day – after suffering as many vicissitudes as the lamentations of the protagonist of the lyrics: “Ondas do mar de Vigo, / se vistes meu amigo? / e ai Deus, se verrá cedo?...”


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