Map No. 11. West Indies, Central and South America, up to the Amazon River
West of the Tordesillas meridian extend exclusively Spanish territories in the central strip of the New World. Using the Equator as a base, the image encompasses all of the southern areas of North America, with a special emphasis on “Florida”, the Gulf of Mexico and the large region known today as Central America, “New Spain”, the Antilles and the ocean (“Mare oceanum”), along with the northern areas of South America, where the name “Peru” is placed close to Panama. The image repeats spaces that were well-known to and controlled by Spanish cartographers from the late fifteenth century onwards.
João Carlos Garcia
Faculdade de Letras, Universidade do Porto
(Fragment of the Universal Atlas of Fernão Vaz Dourado commentary volume)